School of Psychology Contacts & people

Dr Lorraine Whitmarsh - BA Kent, MSc Bath, PhD Bath

Senior Lecturer

Research group:
Social & environmental psychology
Email:
WhitmarshLE@cardiff.ac.uk
Telephone:
+44(0)29 2087 6972
Location:
Tower Building, Park Place

Research summary

I am interested in the psychological and social dimensions of environmental, risk and sustainability issues. My research, which employs both quantitative and qualitative methods of data collection and analysis, focuses on three main areas: (a) public engagement with climate change and low-carbon lifestyles; (b) public/stakeholder participation in sustainability science and policy; and (c) perceived risk and behaviour change with respect to new or controversial technologies (e.g., smart grids, electric vehicles, unconventional fossil fuels).

As well as lecturing in psychology at Cardiff, I am partner coordinator for the Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research and an associate of  the Sustainable Places Research Institute at Cardiff University. I am a member of the Climate Change Commission for Wales advising Welsh Government on transport and behaviour change in relation to climate change.

Teaching summary

Level 1: I give an introductory lecture on environmental psychology in Current Topics in Psychological Research (PS1017).

Level 3: My lectures in PS3415 (Environmental Psychology) cover environmental attitudes and behaviour, risk perception and communication, and recycling and climate change case studies. I supervise final year projects in environmental psychology.

Postgraduate: I give two lectures on the Postgraduate Research Design and Statistics module for research students. The first introduces students to philosophical, ethical and analytical issues in psychological research; the other focuses on conducting mixed-methods research.

Selected publications (2008 onwards)

2014

Balta-Ozkan, N., Watson, T., Connor, P., Axon, C., Whitmarsh, L. E., Davidson, R., Spence, A., Baker, P., Xenias, D., Cipcigan, L. M. and Taylor, G. (2014). Scenarios for the Development of Smart Grids in the UK: synthesis report. [Online]. London: UKERC. Available at: http://www.ukerc.ac.uk/support/tiki-download_file.php?fileId=3562 pdf

Capstick, S. B., Whitmarsh, L. E., Poortinga, W., Pidgeon, N. F. and Upham, P. (2014). International trends in public perceptions of climate change over the past quarter centuryWiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change (10.1002/wcc.321) pdf

Ellis-Jones, C., Nash, N., Poortinga, W., Whitmarsh, L. E. and Young, E. (2014). Sustainable development narratives for Wales: a framework for communications. [Online]. Welsh Government. Available at: http://wales.gov.uk/docs/dsjlg/publications/140206-sus-dev-narratives.pdf

Luè, A., Bresciani, C., Colorni, A., Lia, F., Maras, V., Radmilović, Z., Whitmarsh, L., Xenias, D. and Anoyrkati, E. (2014). Future priorities for a climate-friendly transport. a European strategic research agenda towards 2030International Journal of Sustainable Transportation, 140926101211007. (10.1080/15568318.2014.893043)

Xenias, D., Whitmarsh, L. E. and Corner, A. J. (2014). Deconstructing scepticism towards climate change. Presented at: 17th EASP General Meeting , Amsterdam, Netherlands , 9-12 July 2014.

Xenias, D., Whitmarsh, L. E., Haggar, P. and Skippon, S. (2014). Promoting eco-driving habits: A randomised controlled trial. Presented at: BEHAVE Energy Conference 2014, Oxford University, 3-4 September 2014.

Xenias, D., Axon, C., Balta-Ozkan, N., Cipcigan, L. M., Connor, P., Davidson, R., Spence, A., Taylor, G. and Whitmarsh, L. E. (2014). Scenarios for the development of smart grids in the UK: literature review. Working Paper. London: UKERC. Available at: http://www.ukerc.ac.uk/support/tiki-download_file.php?fileId=3510

2013

Poortinga, W., Whitmarsh, L. E. and Suffolk, C. (2013). The introduction of a single-use carrier bag charge in Wales: Attitude change and behavioural spillover effectsJournal of Environmental Psychology, 36, 240-247. (10.1016/j.jenvp.2013.09.001)

Whitmarsh, L. and Upham, P. (2013). Public responses to climate change and low-carbon energy. In: Roberts, T. et al. eds. Low-Carbon Energy Controversies. Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge, pp. 14-43.

Whitmarsh, L. E., O'Neill, S. and Lorenzoni, I. (2013). Public engagement with climate change: what do we know and where do we go from here?International Journal of Media & Cultural Politics, 9(1), 7-25. (10.1386/macp.9.1.7_1) pdf

Whitmarsh, L. E., Reiss, J., Lazarus, E. D., Egan, P. and Nash, N. (2013). Strong roots climate change perception report: views of community councillors in Wales. One Voice Wales.

Xenias, D., Whitmarsh, L. E. and Corner, A. J. (2013). Climate change scepticism: A psychological defence against threatening information?. Presented at: 10th Biennial Conference on Environmental Psychology, Magdeburg, Germany, 22- 25 September 2013.

Xenias, D. and Whitmarsh, L. E. (2013). Dimensions and determinants of expert and public attitudes to sustainable transport policies and technologiesTransportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 48, 75-85. (10.1016/j.tra.2012.10.007)

2012

Cipcigan, L. M., Wells, P. N. T., Nieuwenhuis, P. A. H. F., Davies, H. C., Whitmarsh, L. E. and Papadopoulos, P. (2012). Electricity as a transportation fuel: Bridging the gaps in the electric vehicle value chain. Presented at: EVVC-2012 European Electric Vehicle Congress, Brussels, Belgium, 19-22 November 2012.

Corner, A. J., Whitmarsh, L. E. and Xenias, D. (2012). Uncertainty, scepticism and attitudes towards climate change: biased assimilation and attitude polarisationClimatic Change, 114(3-4), 463-478. (10.1007/s10584-012-0424-6) pdf

Whitmarsh, L. E. (2012). How useful is the Multi-Level Perspective for transport and sustainability research?Journal of Transport Geography, 24, 483-487. (10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2012.01.022) pdf

Xenias, D. and Whitmarsh, L. E. (2012). Social psychology of sustainable transport. Presented at: 5th International Conference on Traffic and Transport Psychology, Groningen, NL, August 28-31, 2012.

2011

Bone, E., Whitmarsh, L. E., Agombar, J. and Waterman, H. (2011). An analysis of the effectiveness of different approaches of encouraging energy-efficient behavioural change and an examination of the factors affecting behavioural persistence. London: NUS Services, DEFRA.

Poortinga, W., Spence, A., Whitmarsh, L. E., Capstick, S. B. and Pidgeon, N. F. (2011). Uncertain climate: An investigation into public scepticism about anthropogenic climate changeGlobal Environmental Change, 21(3), 1015-1024. (10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2011.03.001) pdf

Whitmarsh, L. E., O'Neill, S. and Lorenzoni, I. (2011). Climate change or social change? Debate within, amongst, and beyond disciplinesEnvironment and Planning A, 43(2), 258-261. (10.1068/a43359)

Whitmarsh, L. E. and Xenias, D.  . (2011). Low-Carbon Transport Research in Europe: What is funded, why, and how?. Presented at: The International Conference on Climate Friendly Transport, Belgrade.

Whitmarsh, L. E., Seyfang, G. and O'Neill, S. (2011). Public engagement with carbon and climate change: To what extent is the public ‘carbon capable’?Global Environmental Change, 21(1), 56-65. (10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2010.07.011) pdf

Whitmarsh, L. E., Upham, P., Poortinga, W., McLachlan, C., Darnton, A., Devine-Wright, P. and Sherry-Brennan, F. (2011). Public attitudes, understanding, and engagement in relation to low-carbon energy. A selective review of academic and non-academic literatures : report for RCUK Energy Programme. [Online]. Research Councils UK. Available at: http://www.rcuk.ac.uk/documents/energy/EnergySynthesisFINAL20110124.pdf

Whitmarsh, L. E., Corner, A. J. and Xenias, D. (2011). Responding to Climate Change Information: Biased Assimilation and Identity Protection. Presented at: 9th Biennial Conference on Environmental Psychology, Eindhoven, Netherlands, 26-28 September 2011.

Whitmarsh, L. E. (2011). Scepticism and uncertainty about climate change: Dimensions, determinants and change over timeGlobal Environmental Change, 21(2), 690-700. (10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2011.01.016)

Xenias, D. and Whitmarsh, L. E. (2011). Expert and public attitudes to sustainable transport options. Presented at: 9th Biennieal Conference on Environmental Psychology, Eindhoven, NL, 26-28 September 2011.

Xenias, D. and Whitmarsh, L. E. (2011). Social Psychology of Sustainable Transport. Presented at: 16th General Meeting of the European Association of Social Psychology, Stockholm, Sweden.

2010

(2010). Engaging the Public with Climate Change : Behaviour Change and Communication. London: Earthscan.

Corner, A. J., Crompton, T., Davidson, S., Hawkins, R., Kasser, T., Lertzmann, R., Lipman, P., Lorenzoni, I., Marshall, G., Mundy, C., O'Neil, S., Pidgeon, N. F., Rabinovich, A. and Whitmarsh, L. E. (2010). Communicating climate change to mass public audiences. Working Paper. Climate Outreach and Information Network.

Hoppner, C. and Whitmarsh, L. E. (2010). Public engagement in climate action: policy and public expectations. In: Whitmarsh, L., O'Neill, S. and Lorenzoni, I. eds. Engaging the Public with Climate Change: Behaviour Change and Communication. London: Earthscan, pp. 47-65.

Köhler, J., Wietschel, M., Whitmarsh, L. E., Keles, D. and Schade, W. (2010). Infrastructure investment for a transition to hydrogen automobilesTechnological Forecasting and Social Change, 77(8), 1237-1248. (10.1016/j.techfore.2010.03.010)

Nye, M., Whitmarsh, L. E. and Foxon, T. (2010). Socio-psychological perspectives on the active roles of domestic actors in transition to a lower carbon electricity economyEnvironment and Planning A, 42(3), 697-714. (10.1068/a4245)

Ockwell, D., O'Neill, S. and Whitmarsh, L. E. (2010). Behavioural insights: motivating individual emissions cuts through communication . In: Lever -Tracey, C. ed. Routledge Handbook of Climate Change and Society. New York: Routledge, pp. 341-350.

Whitmarsh, L. E. and Köhler, J. (2010). Climate change and cars in the EU: the roles of auto firms, consumers, and policy in responding to global environmental changeCambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society, 3(3), 427-441. (10.1093/cjres/rsq008) pdf

Whitmarsh, L. E., O'Neill, S. and Lorenzoni, I. (2010). Conclusion: What have we learnt and where do we go from here?. In: Whitmarsh, L., O'Neill, S. and Lorenzoni, I. eds. Engaging the Public with Climate Change: Behaviour Change and Communication. London: Earthscan,

Whitmarsh, L. E. and O'Neill, S. (2010). Green identity, green living? The role of pro-environmental self-identity in determining consistency across diverse pro-environmental behavioursJournal of Environmental Psychology, 30(3), 305-314. (10.1016/j.jenvp.2010.01.003) pdf

Whitmarsh, L. E. and O'Neill, S. (2010). Introduction: Opportunities for and barriers to engaging individuals with climate change. In: Whitmarsh, L., O'Neill, S. and Lorenzoni, I. eds. Engaging the Public with Climate Change: Behaviour Change and Communication. London: Earthscan, pp. 1-14.

Whitmarsh, L. E. and Lorenzoni, I. (2010). Perceptions, behavior and communication of climate change [Editorial]Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change, 1(2), 158-161. (10.1002/wcc.7)

Xenias, D. and Whitmarsh, L. E. (2010). Measuring support for sustainable transport policies and technologies. Presented at: BPS Social Psychology Section Annual Conference, Winchester, UK.

2009

Köhler, J., Whitmarsh, L. E., Nykvist, B., Schilperoord, M., Bergman, N. and Haxeltine, A. (2009). A transitions model for sustainable mobilityEcological Economics, 68(12), 2985-2995. (10.1016/j.ecolecon.2009.06.027)

Ockwell, D., Whitmarsh, L. E. and O'Neill, S. (2009). Reorienting Climate Change Communication for Effective Mitigation Forcing People to be Green or Fostering Grass-Roots Engagement?Science Communication, 30(3), 305-327. (10.1177/1075547008328969)

Whitmarsh, L., O'Neill, S., Seyfang, G. and Lorenzoni, I. (2009). Carbon capability: understanding climate change and reducing emissions. In: Stibbe, A. ed. The Handbook of Sustainability Literacy: skills for a changing world. Green Books, pp. 124-129.

Whitmarsh, L. E. (2009). Behavioural responses to climate change: Asymmetry of intentions and impactsJournal of Environmental Psychology, 29(1), 13-23. (10.1016/j.jenvp.2008.05.003) pdf

Whitmarsh, L. E., Turnpenny, J. and Nykvist, B. (2009). Beyond the regime: can Integrated Sustainability Assessment address the barriers to effective sustainable passenger mobility policy?Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, 52(8), 973-991. (10.1080/09640560903327286)

Whitmarsh, L. E., Swartling, Å. G. and Jäger, J. (2009). Participation of experts and non-experts in a sustainability assessment of mobilityEnvironmental Policy and Governance, 19(4), 232-250. (10.1002/eet.513)

Whitmarsh, L. E. (2009). Social and psychological drivers of energy consumption behaviour and energy transitions.. In: Dietz, S., Michie, J. and Oughton, C. eds. Political Economy of the Environment: An Interdisciplinary Approach. Taylor & Francis, pp. 213-228.

Whitmarsh, L. E. (2009). Thomas Dietz and Paul C. Stern (Eds.), Public Participation in Environmental Assessment and Decision Making, National Academies Press, Washington, 2008, 322pp. ISBN-10: 0-309-12398-4, Paperback $59.00. [Book Review]Environmental Science & Policy, 12(7), 1069-1072. (10.1016/j.envsci.2009.07.014)

Whitmarsh, L. E. (2009). What's in a name? Commonalities and differences in public understanding of "climate change" and "global warming"Public Understanding of Science, 18(4), 401-420. (10.1177/0963662506073088) pdf

2008

Bergman, N., Haxeltine, A., Whitmarsh, L. E., Köhler, J., Schilperoord, M. and Rotmans, J. (2008). Modelling Socio-Technical Transition Patterns and PathwaysJASSS - The Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation, 11(3)

Haxeltine, A., Whitmarsh, L. E., Bergman, N., Rotmans, J., Schilperoord, M. and Kohler, J. (2008). A Conceptual Framework for transition modellingInternational Journal of Innovation and Sustainable Development, 3(1/2), 93-114. (10.1504/IJISD.2008.018195)

Köhler, J., Whitmarsh, L. E., Michie, J. and Oughton, C. (2008). Can car makers save the planet?. In: Foxon, T., Köhler, J. and Oughton, C. eds. Innovation for a Low Carbon Economy: Economic, Institutional and Management Approaches. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar, pp. 230-272.

Nykvist, B. and Whitmarsh, L. E. (2008). A multi-level analysis of sustainable mobility transitions: Niche development in the UK and SwedenTechnological Forecasting and Social Change, 75(9), 1373-1387. (10.1016/j.techfore.2008.05.006)

Whitmarsh, L. E. (2008). Are flood victims more concerned about climate change than other people? The role of direct experience in risk perception and behavioural responseJournal of Risk Research, 11(3), 351-374. (10.1080/13669870701552235) pdf

Whitmarsh, L. E. (2008). Carbon offsetting - a way of avoiding emissions reductions?Environment Research Web

Whitmarsh, L. E. and Nykvist, B. (2008). Integrated Sustainability Assessment of mobility transitions: simulating stakeholders' visions of and pathways to sustainable land-based mobilityInternational Journal of Innovation and Sustainable Development, 3(1/2), 115-127. (10.1504/IJISD.2008.018196)

Wietschel, M. and Whitmarsh, L. E. (2008). Sustainable Transport Visions: What Role for Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Vehicle Technologies?Energy & Environment, 19(2), 207-226. (10.1260/095830508783900816)

Full list of publications

2014

Balta-Ozkan, N., Watson, T., Connor, P., Axon, C., Whitmarsh, L. E., Davidson, R., Spence, A., Baker, P., Xenias, D., Cipcigan, L. M. and Taylor, G. (2014). Scenarios for the Development of Smart Grids in the UK: synthesis report. [Online]. London: UKERC. Available at: http://www.ukerc.ac.uk/support/tiki-download_file.php?fileId=3562 pdf

Capstick, S. B., Whitmarsh, L. E., Poortinga, W., Pidgeon, N. F. and Upham, P. (2014). International trends in public perceptions of climate change over the past quarter centuryWiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change (10.1002/wcc.321) pdf

Ellis-Jones, C., Nash, N., Poortinga, W., Whitmarsh, L. E. and Young, E. (2014). Sustainable development narratives for Wales: a framework for communications. [Online]. Welsh Government. Available at: http://wales.gov.uk/docs/dsjlg/publications/140206-sus-dev-narratives.pdf

Luè, A., Bresciani, C., Colorni, A., Lia, F., Maras, V., Radmilović, Z., Whitmarsh, L., Xenias, D. and Anoyrkati, E. (2014). Future priorities for a climate-friendly transport. a European strategic research agenda towards 2030International Journal of Sustainable Transportation, 140926101211007. (10.1080/15568318.2014.893043)

Xenias, D., Whitmarsh, L. E. and Corner, A. J. (2014). Deconstructing scepticism towards climate change. Presented at: 17th EASP General Meeting , Amsterdam, Netherlands , 9-12 July 2014.

Xenias, D., Whitmarsh, L. E., Haggar, P. and Skippon, S. (2014). Promoting eco-driving habits: A randomised controlled trial. Presented at: BEHAVE Energy Conference 2014, Oxford University, 3-4 September 2014.

Xenias, D., Axon, C., Balta-Ozkan, N., Cipcigan, L. M., Connor, P., Davidson, R., Spence, A., Taylor, G. and Whitmarsh, L. E. (2014). Scenarios for the development of smart grids in the UK: literature review. Working Paper. London: UKERC. Available at: http://www.ukerc.ac.uk/support/tiki-download_file.php?fileId=3510

2013

Poortinga, W., Whitmarsh, L. E. and Suffolk, C. (2013). The introduction of a single-use carrier bag charge in Wales: Attitude change and behavioural spillover effectsJournal of Environmental Psychology, 36, 240-247. (10.1016/j.jenvp.2013.09.001)

Whitmarsh, L. and Upham, P. (2013). Public responses to climate change and low-carbon energy. In: Roberts, T. et al. eds. Low-Carbon Energy Controversies. Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge, pp. 14-43.

Whitmarsh, L. E., O'Neill, S. and Lorenzoni, I. (2013). Public engagement with climate change: what do we know and where do we go from here?International Journal of Media & Cultural Politics, 9(1), 7-25. (10.1386/macp.9.1.7_1) pdf

Whitmarsh, L. E., Reiss, J., Lazarus, E. D., Egan, P. and Nash, N. (2013). Strong roots climate change perception report: views of community councillors in Wales. One Voice Wales.

Xenias, D., Whitmarsh, L. E. and Corner, A. J. (2013). Climate change scepticism: A psychological defence against threatening information?. Presented at: 10th Biennial Conference on Environmental Psychology, Magdeburg, Germany, 22- 25 September 2013.

Xenias, D. and Whitmarsh, L. E. (2013). Dimensions and determinants of expert and public attitudes to sustainable transport policies and technologiesTransportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 48, 75-85. (10.1016/j.tra.2012.10.007)

2012

Cipcigan, L. M., Wells, P. N. T., Nieuwenhuis, P. A. H. F., Davies, H. C., Whitmarsh, L. E. and Papadopoulos, P. (2012). Electricity as a transportation fuel: Bridging the gaps in the electric vehicle value chain. Presented at: EVVC-2012 European Electric Vehicle Congress, Brussels, Belgium, 19-22 November 2012.

Corner, A. J., Whitmarsh, L. E. and Xenias, D. (2012). Uncertainty, scepticism and attitudes towards climate change: biased assimilation and attitude polarisationClimatic Change, 114(3-4), 463-478. (10.1007/s10584-012-0424-6) pdf

Whitmarsh, L. E. (2012). How useful is the Multi-Level Perspective for transport and sustainability research?Journal of Transport Geography, 24, 483-487. (10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2012.01.022) pdf

Xenias, D. and Whitmarsh, L. E. (2012). Social psychology of sustainable transport. Presented at: 5th International Conference on Traffic and Transport Psychology, Groningen, NL, August 28-31, 2012.

2011

Bone, E., Whitmarsh, L. E., Agombar, J. and Waterman, H. (2011). An analysis of the effectiveness of different approaches of encouraging energy-efficient behavioural change and an examination of the factors affecting behavioural persistence. London: NUS Services, DEFRA.

Poortinga, W., Spence, A., Whitmarsh, L. E., Capstick, S. B. and Pidgeon, N. F. (2011). Uncertain climate: An investigation into public scepticism about anthropogenic climate changeGlobal Environmental Change, 21(3), 1015-1024. (10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2011.03.001) pdf

Whitmarsh, L. E., O'Neill, S. and Lorenzoni, I. (2011). Climate change or social change? Debate within, amongst, and beyond disciplinesEnvironment and Planning A, 43(2), 258-261. (10.1068/a43359)

Whitmarsh, L. E. and Xenias, D.  . (2011). Low-Carbon Transport Research in Europe: What is funded, why, and how?. Presented at: The International Conference on Climate Friendly Transport, Belgrade.

Whitmarsh, L. E., Seyfang, G. and O'Neill, S. (2011). Public engagement with carbon and climate change: To what extent is the public ‘carbon capable’?Global Environmental Change, 21(1), 56-65. (10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2010.07.011) pdf

Whitmarsh, L. E., Upham, P., Poortinga, W., McLachlan, C., Darnton, A., Devine-Wright, P. and Sherry-Brennan, F. (2011). Public attitudes, understanding, and engagement in relation to low-carbon energy. A selective review of academic and non-academic literatures : report for RCUK Energy Programme. [Online]. Research Councils UK. Available at: http://www.rcuk.ac.uk/documents/energy/EnergySynthesisFINAL20110124.pdf

Whitmarsh, L. E., Corner, A. J. and Xenias, D. (2011). Responding to Climate Change Information: Biased Assimilation and Identity Protection. Presented at: 9th Biennial Conference on Environmental Psychology, Eindhoven, Netherlands, 26-28 September 2011.

Whitmarsh, L. E. (2011). Scepticism and uncertainty about climate change: Dimensions, determinants and change over timeGlobal Environmental Change, 21(2), 690-700. (10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2011.01.016)

Xenias, D. and Whitmarsh, L. E. (2011). Expert and public attitudes to sustainable transport options. Presented at: 9th Biennieal Conference on Environmental Psychology, Eindhoven, NL, 26-28 September 2011.

Xenias, D. and Whitmarsh, L. E. (2011). Social Psychology of Sustainable Transport. Presented at: 16th General Meeting of the European Association of Social Psychology, Stockholm, Sweden.

2010

(2010). Engaging the Public with Climate Change : Behaviour Change and Communication. London: Earthscan.

Corner, A. J., Crompton, T., Davidson, S., Hawkins, R., Kasser, T., Lertzmann, R., Lipman, P., Lorenzoni, I., Marshall, G., Mundy, C., O'Neil, S., Pidgeon, N. F., Rabinovich, A. and Whitmarsh, L. E. (2010). Communicating climate change to mass public audiences. Working Paper. Climate Outreach and Information Network.

Hoppner, C. and Whitmarsh, L. E. (2010). Public engagement in climate action: policy and public expectations. In: Whitmarsh, L., O'Neill, S. and Lorenzoni, I. eds. Engaging the Public with Climate Change: Behaviour Change and Communication. London: Earthscan, pp. 47-65.

Köhler, J., Wietschel, M., Whitmarsh, L. E., Keles, D. and Schade, W. (2010). Infrastructure investment for a transition to hydrogen automobilesTechnological Forecasting and Social Change, 77(8), 1237-1248. (10.1016/j.techfore.2010.03.010)

Nye, M., Whitmarsh, L. E. and Foxon, T. (2010). Socio-psychological perspectives on the active roles of domestic actors in transition to a lower carbon electricity economyEnvironment and Planning A, 42(3), 697-714. (10.1068/a4245)

Ockwell, D., O'Neill, S. and Whitmarsh, L. E. (2010). Behavioural insights: motivating individual emissions cuts through communication . In: Lever -Tracey, C. ed. Routledge Handbook of Climate Change and Society. New York: Routledge, pp. 341-350.

Whitmarsh, L. E. and Köhler, J. (2010). Climate change and cars in the EU: the roles of auto firms, consumers, and policy in responding to global environmental changeCambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society, 3(3), 427-441. (10.1093/cjres/rsq008) pdf

Whitmarsh, L. E., O'Neill, S. and Lorenzoni, I. (2010). Conclusion: What have we learnt and where do we go from here?. In: Whitmarsh, L., O'Neill, S. and Lorenzoni, I. eds. Engaging the Public with Climate Change: Behaviour Change and Communication. London: Earthscan,

Whitmarsh, L. E. and O'Neill, S. (2010). Green identity, green living? The role of pro-environmental self-identity in determining consistency across diverse pro-environmental behavioursJournal of Environmental Psychology, 30(3), 305-314. (10.1016/j.jenvp.2010.01.003) pdf

Whitmarsh, L. E. and O'Neill, S. (2010). Introduction: Opportunities for and barriers to engaging individuals with climate change. In: Whitmarsh, L., O'Neill, S. and Lorenzoni, I. eds. Engaging the Public with Climate Change: Behaviour Change and Communication. London: Earthscan, pp. 1-14.

Whitmarsh, L. E. and Lorenzoni, I. (2010). Perceptions, behavior and communication of climate change [Editorial]Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change, 1(2), 158-161. (10.1002/wcc.7)

Xenias, D. and Whitmarsh, L. E. (2010). Measuring support for sustainable transport policies and technologies. Presented at: BPS Social Psychology Section Annual Conference, Winchester, UK.

2009

Köhler, J., Whitmarsh, L. E., Nykvist, B., Schilperoord, M., Bergman, N. and Haxeltine, A. (2009). A transitions model for sustainable mobilityEcological Economics, 68(12), 2985-2995. (10.1016/j.ecolecon.2009.06.027)

Ockwell, D., Whitmarsh, L. E. and O'Neill, S. (2009). Reorienting Climate Change Communication for Effective Mitigation Forcing People to be Green or Fostering Grass-Roots Engagement?Science Communication, 30(3), 305-327. (10.1177/1075547008328969)

Whitmarsh, L., O'Neill, S., Seyfang, G. and Lorenzoni, I. (2009). Carbon capability: understanding climate change and reducing emissions. In: Stibbe, A. ed. The Handbook of Sustainability Literacy: skills for a changing world. Green Books, pp. 124-129.

Whitmarsh, L. E. (2009). Behavioural responses to climate change: Asymmetry of intentions and impactsJournal of Environmental Psychology, 29(1), 13-23. (10.1016/j.jenvp.2008.05.003) pdf

Whitmarsh, L. E., Turnpenny, J. and Nykvist, B. (2009). Beyond the regime: can Integrated Sustainability Assessment address the barriers to effective sustainable passenger mobility policy?Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, 52(8), 973-991. (10.1080/09640560903327286)

Whitmarsh, L. E., Swartling, Å. G. and Jäger, J. (2009). Participation of experts and non-experts in a sustainability assessment of mobilityEnvironmental Policy and Governance, 19(4), 232-250. (10.1002/eet.513)

Whitmarsh, L. E. (2009). Social and psychological drivers of energy consumption behaviour and energy transitions.. In: Dietz, S., Michie, J. and Oughton, C. eds. Political Economy of the Environment: An Interdisciplinary Approach. Taylor & Francis, pp. 213-228.

Whitmarsh, L. E. (2009). Thomas Dietz and Paul C. Stern (Eds.), Public Participation in Environmental Assessment and Decision Making, National Academies Press, Washington, 2008, 322pp. ISBN-10: 0-309-12398-4, Paperback $59.00. [Book Review]Environmental Science & Policy, 12(7), 1069-1072. (10.1016/j.envsci.2009.07.014)

Whitmarsh, L. E. (2009). What's in a name? Commonalities and differences in public understanding of "climate change" and "global warming"Public Understanding of Science, 18(4), 401-420. (10.1177/0963662506073088) pdf

2008

Bergman, N., Haxeltine, A., Whitmarsh, L. E., Köhler, J., Schilperoord, M. and Rotmans, J. (2008). Modelling Socio-Technical Transition Patterns and PathwaysJASSS - The Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation, 11(3)

Haxeltine, A., Whitmarsh, L. E., Bergman, N., Rotmans, J., Schilperoord, M. and Kohler, J. (2008). A Conceptual Framework for transition modellingInternational Journal of Innovation and Sustainable Development, 3(1/2), 93-114. (10.1504/IJISD.2008.018195)

Köhler, J., Whitmarsh, L. E., Michie, J. and Oughton, C. (2008). Can car makers save the planet?. In: Foxon, T., Köhler, J. and Oughton, C. eds. Innovation for a Low Carbon Economy: Economic, Institutional and Management Approaches. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar, pp. 230-272.

Nykvist, B. and Whitmarsh, L. E. (2008). A multi-level analysis of sustainable mobility transitions: Niche development in the UK and SwedenTechnological Forecasting and Social Change, 75(9), 1373-1387. (10.1016/j.techfore.2008.05.006)

Whitmarsh, L. E. (2008). Are flood victims more concerned about climate change than other people? The role of direct experience in risk perception and behavioural responseJournal of Risk Research, 11(3), 351-374. (10.1080/13669870701552235) pdf

Whitmarsh, L. E. (2008). Carbon offsetting - a way of avoiding emissions reductions?Environment Research Web

Whitmarsh, L. E. and Nykvist, B. (2008). Integrated Sustainability Assessment of mobility transitions: simulating stakeholders' visions of and pathways to sustainable land-based mobilityInternational Journal of Innovation and Sustainable Development, 3(1/2), 115-127. (10.1504/IJISD.2008.018196)

Wietschel, M. and Whitmarsh, L. E. (2008). Sustainable Transport Visions: What Role for Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Vehicle Technologies?Energy & Environment, 19(2), 207-226. (10.1260/095830508783900816)

2007

Lorenzoni, I., Nicholson-Cole, S. and Whitmarsh, L. E. (2007). Barriers perceived to engaging with climate change among the UK public and their policy implicationsGlobal Environmental Change, 17(3-4), 445-459. (10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2007.01.004)

2005

Whitmarsh, L. E. (2005). The Benefits of Guide Dog OwnershipVisual Impairment Research, 7(1), 27-42. (10.1080/13882350590956439)

2000

Charlton, T., Panting, C., Davie, R., Coles, D. and Whitmarsh, L. E. (2000). Children's Playground Behaviour Across Five Years of Broadcast Television: A Naturalistic Study in a Remote CommunityEmotional and Behavioural Difficulties, 5(4), 4-12. (10.1080/1363275000050402)

Media activities

My research on climate scepticism, environmental behaviour change and public engagement with new technologies is often covered in national (e.g., Guardian) or specialist (e.g., Footprints, Urban Times, Energy & Environment) media outlets. In 2011, I participated in several Science Café programmes on BBC Radio Wales discussing climate change and nuclear risk perceptions and was interviewed for the Guardian about green behaviour and the government’s Green Deal. Other interviews in recent years include for the Guardian on climate change perceptions, the BBC on public attitudes to climate change, the Times Higher Education Supplement on communicating climate change, and the Express on avoiding fear to communicate climate change.

My research on climate change scepticism received considerable media coverage during 2009. The findings (published in Global Environmental Change in 2011) revealed a doubling of the proportion of the public agreeing that "claims that human activities are changing the climate are exaggerated" between 2003 and 2008 (see Figure).  For example, the BBC, Financial Times, Independent, Express and ABC reported the rise.

This YouTube video describes recent work on green behaviours and how to encourage green lifestyle change.

Research topics and related papers

Public engagement with climate change and low-carbon lifestyles:

This is the major focus of my research and from 2014 includes a €1.5m European Research Council Starting Grant project (CASPI) Low-carbon Lifestyles and Behavioural Spillover. The project is about how environmentally-friendly behaviour, lifestyles and spillover are understood and develop within different cultures. In particular, it tests whether and when behavioural ‘spillover’ happens – in other words, whether taking up one new green behaviour (e.g., recycling) leads on to other green behaviours (e.g., taking your own bags shopping), and if so, under what circumstances. For further details, visit the project webpage.

This strand of research stems from my PhD, which examined public perceptions of, and behavioural responses to, climate change in flood-prone regions in the South of England. I particularly focussed on the roles of language and experience in how people understood and responded to climate change.

Since this time, I have worked on: perceived barriers to engaging with climate change; motivations for, and for not, purchasing carbon offsets; the links between different environmentally-significant behaviours, including whether pro-environmental self-identity predicts spillover effects between behaviours; attitudes to climate change (particularly focussing on uncertainty and scepticism); and perceptions of flood risk. My ongoing experimental research (with Adam Corner and Dimitrios Xenias) investigates how uncertain information about climate change is perceived and interpreted, and how prior attitudes, values and identity influence this interpretation. Within this research strand, I am also interested in testing novel ways of engaging the public with climate change, including via narratives, creative writing and interactive exhibitions.

With Irene Lorenzoni (East Anglia) and Saffron O’Neill (Exeter), I edited a book on Engaging the public with climate change: behaviour change and communication which was published by Routledge in November 2010. This interdisciplinary volume features contributions from academics and practitioners involved in communicating climate change and encouraging low-carbon lifestyles.

In addition, I have received funding from DEFRA, Welsh Government, Research Councils and Shell for projects on perceptions of climate change and environmental behaviours. This includes projects on: perceptions of climate change risk amongst Welsh community councillors; narratives of sustainability amongst the Welsh public; impact of the Welsh carrier bag charge; recycling behaviour and spillover effects; motivations for and barriers to uptake of loft insulation; effectiveness of different approaches (informational, social, financial and structural) to encouraging energy-efficient behaviour change amongst students and staff within Higher Education; eco-driving habits; travel goals; perceptions of rivers and ecosystem services; breaking and creating habits for sustainability; Public Attitudes to Environmental Change; and Public Attitudes to Low-Carbon Energy.

In addition, I have received funding from DEFRA, Welsh Government, Research Councils and Shell for projects on perceptions of climate change and environmental behaviours. This includes projects on: perceptions of climate change risk amongst Welsh community councillors; narratives of sustainability amongst the Welsh public; impact of the Welsh carrier bag charge; recycling behaviour and spillover effects; motivations for and barriers to uptake of loft insulation; effectiveness of different approaches (informational, social, financial and structural) to encouraging energy-efficient behaviour change amongst students and staff within Higher Education; eco-driving habits; travel goals; perceptions of rivers and ecosystem services; breaking and creating habits for sustainability; Public Attitudes to Environmental Change; and Public Attitudes to Low-Carbon Energy.

Public/stakeholder participation in sustainability science and policy:

Within three European (FP6 and FP7) projects, ADAM, MATISSE and REACT, I have been involved in developing participatory methods and tools to enable the public and other stakeholders to deliberate over policies and novel technologies and, ultimately, contribute to decision-making about science and policy.

Much of this work was conducted through the MATISSE project (Methods and Tools for Integrated Sustainability Assessment) between 2005 and 2008. The project aimed to advance the science and application of Integrated Sustainability Assessment (ISA) in EU policy-making by improving the tool-kit and methods available for developing and assessing sustainability policies. This work focussed on developing participatory methods and modelling tools to support strategic decision-making in respect of sustainability issues, such as transport and consumption. Literature reviews and stakeholder engagement methods (including expert and citizen focus groups and questionnaires) were used to develop ‘visions’ and ‘pathways’ for sustainable futures in each case study (transport, consumption, water management).

At a more local level, I was also involved in the Sense of Place project, funded by Norfolk Rural Community Council in 2007, which aimed to enable communities to become familiar with, and to influence, environmental issues, including landscape, ecological networks, green space, recreation and climate change. The project focussed on the design (in collaboration with various stakeholder groups) and delivery of a web-based decision-support toolkit.

Risk perceptions and behaviour change with respect to new technologies:

Current work includes several projects exploring public engagement with smart grids, carbon capture and storage (CCS), unconventional fossil fuels (e.g., shale gas), electric vehicles, smart homes, and other novel technologies. This includes two UKERC projects on public attitudes to energy system change and smart grids, two NERC projects on CCS and unconventional fossil fuels, an Eon project on smart homes; and European project (eBRIDGE) on electric vehicles.

eBRIDGE is a co-funded EU project to promote electric fleets for urban travel in European cities. We aim to bring innovation and new technologies to transform today’s mobility into a cleaner, efficient and sustainable mobility. My role (with Dimitrios Xenias) at Cardiff is to explore the motivations and barriers to adoption of electric vehicles using a range of methods (e.g., interviews, surveys, focus groups).


In the previous FP7 REACT (Supporting Research on Climate-friendly Transport) project I worked on (with Dimitrios Xenias), we explored the acceptability of different transport technologies and policies, and the factors affecting low-carbon transport behaviours. This research compared different methodologies for eliciting preferences, including deliberative workshops, paired preference and ranking exercises.


Funding

European Research Council (2014-2019). Starting Grant. Low-carbon Lifestyles and Behavioural Spillover (CASPI). Whitmarsh, L.

EPSRC (2013-2016). The impaCt of hydrOcarbon depletioN on the Treatment of cAprocks within performance assessment for CO2 InjectioN schemes (CONTAIN). Harrington, J., Graham, C., Whitmarsh, L. & Zimmerman, R. & Paluszny, A.

Shell (2013). Travel goals and symbolic meanings. Whitmarsh, L. & Xenias, D.

Intelligent Energy – Europe (IEE) (2013-2016). eBRIDGE: Empowering E-Fleets for Business and Private Purposes in Cities. Abdulah, A., Whitmarsh, L. et al (2013).

Welsh Government (2012-2013). Loft insulation adoption and spillover effects in home energy efficiency. Howard, A., Whitmarsh, L., et al.

Welsh Government (2012-2013). Strong Roots: Climate change risk perception and vulnerability amongst Welsh community councils. Thomas, R., Egan, P., Whitmarsh, L. & Reis, J.

BESS/NERC (2012-2015). PhD Studentship: The effects of storminess on coastal ecosystem services and well-being. Selby, K. & Whitmarsh, L.

Welsh Government (2012-2013). Flood Advocacy & Support Service for Communities in Wales. Darnton, A. Elster-Jones, J. & Whitmarsh, L

Eon International Research Initiative (2012). Consumer Preferences for Smart Homes: A comparative study between the UK, Germany and Italy. Ozkan, N., Gruenig, M., Amerighi, O. & Whitmarsh, L.

Welsh Government. (2012. Developing Narratives for a Sustainable Wales. Darnton, A., Marshall, G., Whitmarsh, L., et al.

Shell (2012-2013). (2012). Habit discontinuity and travel behaviour. Skippon, S., Whitmarsh, L., Walker, I. & Verplanken, B.

NERC. Carbon Capture and Storage at In Salah (Algeria – impact research). Kendall, M. & Verdon, J. (2011).

ESRC Doctoral Training Centre / Shell (2012-2015). PhD Studentship: Eco-driving Habits. Whitmarsh, L. & Skippon, S.

Welsh Government (2011-2012). Evaluation of the Welsh Carrier Bag Charge. Poortinga, W. & Whitmarsh, L.

Welsh Crucible (2011-2012). Developing the Sustainable Laboratory – Waste. Brennan, P., Gregory, C., Charlton, A., Harbottle, M., Wang, Y., Whitmarsh, L., Jensen, E. & Cullen-Unsworth, L.

Cardiff University (2011-2012). Electric Vehicles' Value Chain – Bridging the gaps. Cipcigan, L., Holford, K.M., Davies, H., Whitmarsh, L., Nieuwenhuis, P., Wells, P., Rana, O., Stevenson, V. & Lee, S. 

NERC/UKERC (2011-2014). Scenarios for the development of smart grids in the UK. Ozkan, N., Whitmarsh, L., Connor, P., Spence, A., Cipcigan, L., Taylor, G., Rodden, T., Mitchell, C. (2011).

NERC/UKERC (2010-12). Transforming the UK Energy System: Public Values, Attitudes and Acceptability. Pidgeon, N., Pearson, P. Spence, A., Parkhill, K., Butler, C, Whitmarsh, L., Sweet, T., Chaudry, M., & Jenkins, N.

RCUK (2010). Public Attitudes to Low-Carbon Energy - Research Synthesis. Whitmarsh, L., Upham, P. (Manchester), Poortinga, W. (Cardiff), Darnton, A. (AD Research & Analysis), McLachlan, C. (Manchester), Devine-Wright, P. (Exeter), & Sherry-Brennan, F. (Exeter) [pdf]

NERC/ESRC (2010-2013). PhD Studentship. Public Perception of Habitat Management Strategies for the Freshwater Pearl Mussel in Response to Climate-Driven Environmental Change across Wales. Ormerod, S., Constantine, J. & Whitmarsh, L.

British Psychological Society. (2009-11). Psychology and Sustainability. BPS Research Seminars Competition. Whitmarsh, L., Pidgeon, N., Spence, A., Rabinovich, A. (Exeter) & Uzzell, D. (Surrey)

European Commission (Support Action - Framework Programme 7) (2009-11). Supporting REseArch on Climate-friendly Transport (REACT). Roze, R. (Coventry University Enterprises), Rudolph, F. (Wuppertal Institute), Stylianidis,, S. (GeoImaging), Vitale, A.., Tavlaki, E. (Arachni), Radmilović, Z.., Cisic, D.. (Rijeka), Whitmarsh, L. & Špirić, Z..

ESRC. (2009-10). Living With Environmental Change (LWEC) Research Synthesis. A review of public attitudes to environmental change. Upham, P. (Manchester), Whitmarsh, L., Poortinga, W., Purdam, K. (Manchester), Darnton, A. (AD Research & Analysis), & Devine-Wright, P. (Exeter)

Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research. (2008-10). Carbon Offsetting and Pro-environmental Behaviour. Whitmarsh, L.

In addition, I have received funding (on a consultancy basis) from WAG and from DEFRA for several projects on pro-environmental behaviour change, through their Greener Living Fund and Action-Based Research fund.

Research group

Understanding Risk Group
Sustainable Places Research Institute
Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research

Climate Change Consortium of Wales (C3W)

Research collaborators

Nick Nash (Fellow; CASPI project)

Dimitrios Xenias (Post-doctoral researcher; eBRIDGE project)

Nick Pidgeon and Understanding Risk group Climate Change Consortium for Wales; URI Sustainable Places; BPS Seminar Series; LWEC research synthesis; WAG segmentation research; research on perceptions of climate change and environmental behaviour.

In addition, I collaborate with a range of researchers from other Schools and institutions, including (amongst other) Exeter, East Anglia, Nottingham, Sussex, Westminster, Melbourne, Aarhus, Fraunhofer, and Wuppertal.

Postgraduate research interests

I am interested in the psychological and social dimensions of environmental, risk and sustainability issues. My research, which employs both quantitative and qualitative methods of data collection and analysis, focuses on three main areas: (a) public engagement with climate change, carbon literacy, carbon offsetting, and low-carbon lifestyles; (b) public/stakeholder participation in sustainability science and policy; and (c) innovation and behaviour change with respect to sustainable transport and consumption.

If you are interested in applying for a PhD, or for further information regarding my postgraduate research, please contact me directly (contact details available on the 'Overview' page), or submit a formal application here.

Current students

Paul Haggar

Po-Han Hsu (University of East Anglia; Jointly supervised with Irene Lorenzoni and Peter Simmons) Po-Han’s research examines the ways in which new media influences perceptions, group dynamics and behaviours in relation to energy use and climate change.

Tom Homes (York)

Robert Sposato 

Merryn Thomas (jointly supervised with Nick Pidgeon and Rhoda Ballinger, EARTH). Merryn’s research focuses on public perceptions of sea-level rise risk within the Severn Estuary.

Kate Walker (jointly supervised with Jose Constantine, EARTH, and Steve Ormerod, BIO). Kate’s research focuses on public perception of habitat management strategies for the freshwater pearl mussel in response to climate-driven environmental change.

Daniel Wheelock

Undergraduate education

1997: BA Hons (2.1) Theology and Religious Studies with French, University of Kent

Postgraduate education

2010: Postgraduate Certificate in University Teaching & Learning, Cardiff University

2000: MSc (Distinction) Science, Culture & Communication, University of Bath

2005: PhD Psychology (‘Public Understanding of and Response to Climate Change’), University of Bath

Awards/external committees

Best Conference Paper Award at the International Conference on Whole Life Urban Sustainability and its Assessment in Glasgow, 2007

Member of the Climate Change Commission for Wales

Member of the British Science Association Committee on Science & Society 

Member of DEFRA expert panel on Sustainable Consumption & Production (SCP)

Member of the International Association for People-Environment Studies (IAPS)

Fellow of the Higher Education Academy

Reviewer for around 50 journals and publishers, including Nature Climate Change; Risk Analysis; Journal of Environmental Psychology; Environment & Behavior; British Journal of Social Psychology; Journal of Applied Social Psychology; Global Environmental Change; Climate Policy; Ecological Economics; Energy & Environment; Energy Policy; Environment & Planning A; Taylor & Francis books; John Wiley & Sons; Sage Publications

Grant reviewing: NSF, ESRC, NERC, Austrian Science Fund FWF, Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO); Leverhulme Trust

Editorial board: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews (WIREs) Climate Change: 
PhD examining: Exeter University, Sussex University, Plymouth University, Queensland University of Technology

Visiting scholar, University of Melbourne (Aug-Sep 2011)

Approved supplier to Welsh Government for Sustainable Living Framework advice/consultancy (2011-2014)

Living with Environmental Change (LWEC) Public Engagement Strategic Advisory Group (2009-2011)

DEFRA expert panel on Sustainable Consumption & Production (SCP; 2010-2012)

Employment

2012 – present: Senior Lecturer/Fellow – School of Psychology, Cardiff University.
2009-2012: Lecturer – School of Psychology, Cardiff University.
2009-present: Visiting Fellow/Partner Coordinator – Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research. 
2009-present: Research Associate – ESRC Centre for Business Relationships, Accountability, Sustainability & Society (BRASS) and (since 2010) Sustainable Places Research Institute
2009-present: Visiting Fellow – Science Studies Centre, School of Psychology, University of Bath
2005-2009: Senior Research Associate – Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research, School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia
2001-2004: Teaching Assistant / Lecturer (part-time) – Department of Psychology, University of Bath
2000-2001: Research Officer – Guide Dogs for the Blind Association, Burghfield, Reading